NHS Sheffield Clinical Commissioning Group

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Chronic Renal Disease (CRD)


It is especially important to take extra care during the winter if you have a kidney condition. The following steps can help keep your kidneys as healthy as possible:

  • Reducing smoking and trying to stop altogether
  • Maintain a healthy blood pressure (neither too high nor too low). You can do this by eating a varied diet (particularly avoiding added salt)
  • Living an active lifestyle - doing gentle exercise and avoiding stress and taking medication prescribed by your GP
  • Reduce the amount of cholesterol in your diet. Cholesterol increases blood pressure and can impair kidney function
  • People with diabetes should make sure their blood sugar levels are kept under control


Self care is an integral part of daily life. It means you take responsibility for your own health and wellbeing, with support from the people involved in your care. Self care includes the things you do each day to stay fit, maintain good physical and mental health, prevent illness or accidents, and effectively deal with minor ailments and long-term conditions. People living with long-term conditions can benefit enormously if they receive support for self care. They can live longer, have less pain, anxiety, depression and fatigue, have a better quality of life, and be more active and independent.

Because kidney disease is a long-term condition, you will be in regular contact with your healthcare team. A good relationship with your team means you can easily discuss your symptoms or concerns. The more the team knows, the more they can help you.

Get your flu jab

Everyone with a long-term condition such as kidney disease is encouraged to get a flu jab each autumn to protect against flu (influenza). They are also recommended to get an anti-pneumoccocal vaccination - a one-off injection that protects against a specific serious chest infection called pneumococcal pneumonia.

Healthy living

Regular exercise and a healthy diet are recommended for everyone, not just people with kidney disease. They can help prevent many conditions, including heart disease and some forms of cancer. Exercising regularly can help relieve stress and reduce fatigue. Try to eat a balanced diet, containing all the food groups, to give your body the nutrition it needs. You will be advised by a dietitian if you need to follow a special diet. The advice you are given will depend on how well your kidneys are working, your blood test results and your own preferences about what you normally eat and drink.

For more information and advice, visit NHS Choices Kidney Disease, or ring NHS 111.

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NHS Sheffield Clinical Commissioning Group

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